Good health depends on proper nutrition. Nutritional needs vary from person to person. It is important to know the foods and their different groups to have a diet adapted to what you need.
We use as a guide the Food Pyramid, a very useful tool to guide people on the path of healthy eating. Includes a nutrition guide through which you can choose the food to eat that will provide you with the nutrients you need and, at the same time, the right amount of calories to maintain the right weight.
The food pyramid has 4 levels with 8 large food groups. The planned pyramid diet should include a large amount of the total calories in your diet, meaning you should leave few things to chance. Each food group is a source of certain nutrients that are essential for good body care and the pyramid tells you the ideal proportion in which they should be ingested.
In this article we will know the different layers of this food pyramid and how these foods can help you create a balanced diet. Continue reading and find out more!
The base of the pyramid is composed of foods that are responsible for providing energy to our body. They are called carbohydrates and exist in abundance in: breads, pasta, potatoes, flour, corn, rice, etc.
These foods are the fastest to reach the bloodstream. The consumption of carbohydrates also provides us with fiber, vitamins and minerals, which makes the absorption of these foods slow. Almost all edible carbohydrates are converted into blood sugar.
Vegetables and vegetables in the food pyramid:
Above the base of the pyramid are vegetables such as carrot , chuchu, beetroot, courgette, lettuce, tomato, cabbage, etc.
These foods are sources of fiber, vitamins and minerals that serve to regulate the functioning and growth of the body. It is a good idea to eat them raw and at the beginning of the meal, as they reduce appetite and improve intestinal functioning.
In addition to vegetables, fruits also provide us with these benefits. Thus, eating varied fruits can ensure the balance of vitamins and minerals.
Proteins in the food pyramid:
Beans, peas, lentils and soy are sources of plant protein. Don’t forget to include a representative of that group on your plate. They are high in fiber and help slow the absorption of carbohydrates in the blood.
And in addition to legumes, there is also milk, cheese, yogurts and all their derivatives, which are sources of protein, calcium and vitamins A and D.
By ingesting milk and dairy products, he tries to avoid fatty foods such as yellow cheese, whole milk and yogurts.
Just over half (60%) of proteins are converted into sugar and their absorption is slow when compared to carbohydrates.
Fats and sugars in the food pyramid:
At the top of the pyramid are foods that should be consumed more generally: fats (butter, margarine, mayonnaise, olive oil, oil, etc.) and sugars.
All food groups are essential for the nutritional needs and health of each person. Everything should be consumed sparingly, varying according to individual needs.
And attention: most chocolates and stuffed cookies have a high fat content in their composition.
Only 10% of fats turn to blood sugar.
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